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Diabetes is a condition that can affect anyone at any age. However, as you get older, managing your type 2 diabetes may become more difficult. You may notice changes in your type 2 diabetes once you reach the age of 50, and here are some things you can take to keep it under control.
Did you know that the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes might vary as you get older?
As you become older, your symptoms may change substantially. Some diabetes symptoms may also be concealed by advancing age. For example, if your blood glucose levels were abnormally high, you may have previously felt thirsty. If your blood sugar levels become too high as you age, you may lose the ability to detect thirst. It’s also possible that you won’t notice any changes in your emotions. It is critical to keep note of your symptoms in order to spot any changes. Similarly, if you begin to experience any unexpected symptoms, be careful to notify your doctor.
If you are above the age of 65, you may be at risk for type 2 diabetes.
You are more likely to get cardiovascular disease.
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, persons with type 2 diabetes over the age of 65 have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, heart attack, and stroke.
Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, both of which are easily attained goals, can minimise the risk of cardiovascular disease. Medications, dietary changes, and physical activity may all be beneficial. If you have high blood pressure or cholesterol, consult your doctor about your treatment options.
Everything changes for women dependent on their biology, and menopause occurs after the age of 30. Before we go any further, we need to understand menopause and its relationship to diabetes.
When a woman is in her 30s or older, her body begins to generate fewer oestrogen and progesterone hormones.These hormones regulate the frequency and duration of your periods. Furthermore, they alter the way your cells respond to the hormone insulin, which is responsible for moving glucose (sugar) from the blood into the cells. During the transition to menopause, your oestrogen and progesterone levels may fluctuate, causing your blood sugar levels to do the same. Diabetes can lead to complications such as nerve damage and vision loss if blood sugar levels are not maintained under control.
Your body undergoes a number of changes throughout menopause that raise your risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes. These modifications include:
Your metabolism will slow, and you won’t be able to burn calories as efficiently, which could lead to weight gain.
The majority of the weight you gain appears to be in your abdomen. When you have more belly fat, your body becomes more resistant to insulin’s effects.
Your body secretes insulin at a slower than normal rate.
Your cells do not respond to insulin in the same way that you do.
With all of this in mind, we’ve compiled a list of useful guidelines to help you maintain a healthy blood sugar level.
It is also critical to have a firm understanding of your usual blood sugar level.
If you or your doctor suspect you have diabetes or prediabetes, you should consider the idea of getting your blood sugar levels tested with your doctor. This is accomplished by the use of an A1C test.
The fraction of red blood cells in your blood that have the protein haemoglobin linked to glucose is assessed in an A1C test. This percentage reflects if you have diabetes or not. Sugar molecules attached to haemoglobin are more concentrated in those with high blood sugar.
This information may be provided by an A1C test, helping you to assess whether or not your blood sugar levels are within the “normal” range.
The results can be interpreted as follows:
- Typical – less than 5.7%
- Diabetes is present in 5.7% to 6.4% of the population.
- Diabetes has a prevalence rate of 6.5% or higher.
Maintaining a healthy blood sugar level necessitates periodic self-evaluations of your physical condition; the following are some preventative activities you may take to assist you in achieving and maintaining this aim.
If you have prediabetes and are overweight, losing even a small amount of weight and increasing your daily physical activity will help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. A small amount of weight loss is regarded to be between 5 and 7 percent of total body weight, or roughly 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person. Walking briskly for at least 150 minutes per week or engaged in a similar activity constitutes regular physical exercise. That works up to one hour and thirty minutes per day, five days a week.
You may find it easier to implement and sustain these changes with the help of a lifestyle modification programme, such as the CDC-sponsored National Diabetes Prevention Programme. Participation in the course has the potential to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 58 percent (or 71 percent if you are over the age of 60). Some highlights are as follows:
Working with a competent coach to make lifestyle changes that are both realistic and long-lasting.
Learning how to eat more healthily and boost your daily physical activity.
Learning how to deal with stress, staying motivated, and overcoming obstacles to success are all crucial abilities to develop.
Getting help from people who are going through or have gone through something similar.
It is never too late to start practising preventative medicine. If you want to avoid health problems, you must ensure that you are doing everything correctly and following all necessary procedures.
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